Important Aspects On Self Realization Actualization

By Myrtle Cash


Self realization actualization is a term that used in psychology theories. The term was first used by Kurt Goldstein a renowned organismic theorist. Actualization can be exemplified in activities such as expression of creativity, search for spiritual enlightenment, quest for knowledge and wish to serve the society. According to Goldstein, the main drive of actualization is what is referred to as the master motive or the desire to self-actualize.

Abraham Maslow is the other person that attempted to explain the theory further. He stated that the concept is a representation of the highest possible level of psychological development. This can only be attained after the basic human needs have been fully met. The basic needs, according to Maslow include food, shelter, security, sense of belonging and warmth among others. Fulfillment of these needs is necessary for anyone to start enjoying life.

Maslow expounded on the theory further by listing the attributes that can be used to identify individuals that have actualized. While they may come from diverse backgrounds, they all have a number of things in common. One of the most distinguishing features is that they can live creatively since they have realised their full potential. They have learnt to make an honest judgement of situations and for this reason they do not like persons that are dishonest and fake.

When they become actualized, these individuals learn to accept the fact that they are humans and as such they are faced with a number of flaws. They also recognize that nature and other humans are not perfect and so they learn to accommodate them nonetheless. In addition, they are very spontaneous and react creatively when faced with different situations. This makes them capable of handling any situation.

The other important characteristic is that these individuals like fellowship with humanity. They identify with other people and the whole human situation. They have the ability to form profound interpersonal relationships that are characterized by deep bonds. Ironically they also are very comfortable in solitude. This probably gives them an opportunity to reflect on their own lives. The other characteristics include autonomy, a sense of humor and freshness of appreciation.

Some schools of thought have defined self-realization separately from actualization. They define it as the independence acquired from external coercion. Such coercion may be economic, political or cultural. The main governing principle here is that in each person is an authentic self that can only be discovered through constant spiritual striving. This can take place instantaneously or gradually over a long period of time. The only pre-requisite is that the mind should be appropriately prepared.

In Eastern cultures, the concept is mainly regarded as having a religious meaning. In the Hindu religion, it is defined as the recognition of the true self. This has been more advanced by Advaita Vedanta which emphasizes the importance of selfless love as the most important attribute of realization. There is reference to the same in Sikhism and Buddhism.

The self realization actualization theory bears different meanings to different people. These include the fields of spirituality, psychology and religion. There are many similarities in spite of these differences. Over the years, many criticisms have been directed to this theory. As a result, a number of previously held beliefs have been dropped.




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